What is chronic kidney disease?
Is chronic kidney disease a serious condition?
Why did I get chronic kidney disease?
Chronic kidney disease can occur as a complication of –
- Diabetes (type II diabetes is the most common cause)
- High blood pressure (second most common cause)
- Glomerulonephritis (inflammation (swelling) of tiny filters in the kidney called glomeruli)
- Interstitial nephritis (inflammation of the spaces between the tiny tubules in the kidney
- Cystic diseases of the kidney or other hereditary kidney diseases
- Long standing blockage or obstruction of the kidneys by kidney stones, enlarged
- prostate or any cancerous growth
- Recurrent infections of the kidney
What is end-stage renal failure?
What are the lifestyle changes I need to make if I have chronic kidney disease?
- Control your blood pressure and blood sugar levels
- Eat a well-balanced and nutritious diet. Your doctor may recommend you to minimise salt, protein and fat intake, and regulate your water consumption
- Maintain a healthy weight as obesity may worsen your condition
- Avoid smoking
How is chronic kidney disease diagnosed?
- History and physical examination (to identify the signs and symptoms of kidney disease)
- Blood tests (to evaluate the level of creatinine in the blood)
- Urine tests (evaluates albumin, creatinine, blood urea nitrogen levels)
- Sometimes your doctor may recommend an ultrasound, CT or MRI to find out any kind of structural abnormalities or blockage in your kidneys
What is creatinine? Why is it significant?
What are the stages of kidney disease?
|Stage||Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (mL/min)||What does it mean?|
What are the symptoms of chronic kidney disease?
The symptoms of chronic kidney disease include –
- Weight loss
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea and vomiting
- Weakness and fatigue
- Swollen ankles and feet
- Frequent or scanty urination
- Foaming or frothy urine
- Blood in the urine
- Muscle cramps
- Loss of mental sharpness
- Dry and itchy skin
- General feeling of sickness
Can I have chronic kidney disease without symptoms?
Can chronic kidney disease be cured?
How do I protect my kidneys from getting damaged further?
You can protect your kidneys from further damage through –
- Lifestyle modifications
- Medications – For controlling diabetes and high blood pressure
How is chronic kidney disease treated?
Treatment of chronic kidney disease is based on the severity of the damage –
- In the early stages, lifestyle modifications and controlling diabetes and high blood pressure help in arresting the progress
- In the later stages, you may require dialysis or a kidney transplant
Would I require dialysis or a kidney transplant in the future?
Do I have to undergo dialysis for the rest of my life?
Dialysis is done at the advanced stages of chronic kidney disease when the kidney function has significantly declined. Since the damage to the kidneys is irreversible, you may have to continue dialysis for the rest of your life, unless you are able to get a kidney transplant.